Dental decay, also known as tooth decay or caries, is the result of bacteria-producing acids that demineralize teeth. A cavity is formed when acids dissolve the enamel and dentin of the tooth, causing a hole to form. In the event that cavities are not treated, they can grow larger and deeper, causing pain, infection, and ultimately tooth loss.
This article will explore the risk factors for Dental Decay with prevention and treatment.
Risk Factors for Dental Decay
Many factors can increase your risk of developing dental caries or cavities:
Worn Dental Fixes
In time, dental fixes such as crowns and fillings wear out and weaken, restoring the function and appearance of damaged teeth. By creating spaces, bacteria, and plaque can hide. Many dental fixes need to be built to last a lifetime. Therefore, you should schedule a checkup with your dentist at least twice a year. In addition to checking your teeth, they will also check your fix.
Fluoride is a mineral that can support oral health and fight tooth decay. The problems associated with ingesting too much fluoride, however, are concerning. Furthermore, a lack of fluoride makes teeth more susceptible to dental decay. It is essential to maintain a balance of fluoride in order to avoid dental decay as much as possible.
Poor Oral Hygiene
A good brushing and flossing routine prevents decay from taking hold by removing plaque before it becomes a problem. You can also ensure that any lapses in dental care are corrected by regularly visiting your dentist for a deep cleaning. Furthermore, this allows you to identify and address any problems before they become more severe and more costly. By cutting corners with your oral hygiene routine, you will increase your chances of developing cavities.
Specific Health Conditions
Health conditions that are beyond your control can still contribute to dental decay. A variety of health conditions, including eating disorders and heartburn, can cause stomach acids to enter the mouth, causing enamel to weaken and become damaged, leading to increased chances of dental decay. Furthermore, people with dry mouth have less saliva to rinse plaque and bacteria off their teeth. Additionally, there are a variety of health conditions and medications that can increase the risk of complications.
A tooth that is harder to clean will naturally be more susceptible to dental decay. Therefore, a tooth located at the back of the mouth or that is misaligned is more challenging to clean, increasing its vulnerability to decay. Due to this, if your teeth are misaligned, you should talk to your dentist about what can be done. When they align your teeth, they’ll be easier to clean, preventing dental decay as much as possible.
A Sugary Diet
Sugary drinks and snacks fuel bacteria that lurk in the mouth to do their destructive work. Aside from this, clinging foods and drinks can also cause plaque to form on teeth. You can always enjoy a sugary snack; however, it’s best to do so in moderation and thoroughly clean your teeth afterward.
Prevention of Dental Decay
Dental decay can be prevented by practicing good oral hygiene and avoiding sugary foods and drinks. The following tips will help you:
- You should brush your teeth twice a day for two minutes each time.
- Make sure you floss once a day.
- Limit sugary foods and drinks and eat a healthy diet.
- Regular dental checkups and cleanings are important.
Treatment of Dental Decay
Dental decay will be treated by your dentist according to the severity of the decay. A variety of treatment options are available, including:
- Fillings: Fillings are used to repair cavities and prevent decay from spreading.
- Crowns: Crowns cover and protect decayed or damaged teeth.
- Root canals: A root canal is used to treat infected or severely decayed teeth.
- Tooth extraction: A tooth extraction involves removing a tooth. In most cases, it is only considered as a last resort.
The Bottom Line
Dental decay is a common but easily prevented condition. Many factors contribute to this condition, including plaque, sugary foods and drinks, poor oral hygiene, and dry mouth. Among the effects of dental decay are cavities, tooth pain, infection, and even tooth loss.
A good oral hygiene routine and avoiding sugary foods and drinks will help prevent dental decay. You should brush your teeth twice a day for two minutes each time, floss once a day, and eat a healthy diet. Additionally, you should see your dentist regularly for cleanings and checkups.
Dental decay can be treated depending on its severity by your dentist. There are various treatment options available, such as fillings, crowns, root canals, and tooth extraction.